Innogen · Publications · Working papers
Intellectual property protection of biotechnological inventions and related materials
This paper offers an overview of patenting practices in Europe, the US and elsewhere in respect of biotechnological inventions. It considers pertinent legal instruments and rulings over the last few decades as these have been influenced by, and have influenced in turn, policy matters surrounding, on the one hand, the encouragement of biotech patents for economic reasons, and on the other hand, moral concerns about such practices. The paper assumes no specialised knowledge about patenting or the patent systems of the world and accordingly begins with an introduction to the global patent regime. The paper ends with a brief account of other intellectual property rights that might also be claimed in respect of biotechnological advances. A series of detailed cases studies forms the Appendices to the paper and there is a selected bibliography and webography of additional relevant materials.
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