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Development Policy & Practice
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
The Open University
Milton Keynes MK7 6AA
Norman Clark is Emeritus Professor at the Open University UK and a research fellow at the INNOGEN Institute in the economic and social dimensions of the biological sciences (located also at Edinburgh University), having completed a period as Professor of Innovation Systems and Development. Previously he was Vice Chancellor of Kabarak University, Nakuru, Kenya, and before that Professor of Environmental Studies and Director of the Graduate School of Environmental Studies at the University of Strathclyde where he is also now an Emeritus Professor.
He is a development economist specialising in science, technology and innovation policy issues with particular relevance to Third World problems, a field in which he has published extensively. He has lived and worked in many countries with particular concentration on Kenya, Nigeria and India.
Previously he held academic posts at the Universities of Glasgow and Sussex. While at Sussex he acted as the Founding Director of Graduate Studies at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) where he worked for some 15 years. He has also acted as Founding Director of the Technology Planning and Development Unit, University of Ife, Nigeria; Visiting Professor, Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; and Technical Adviser to the Director of the African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS), Kenya where he also helped to initiate and develop the ACTS Capacity Development Programme. He has now been appointed to its governing council.
In addition to normal academic activities he has had some 40 years’ experience as an adviser and consultant to governments, international agencies and NGOs including the World Bank, UNCTAD, IDRC, DFID, Practical Action, CGIAR, UN-Habitat, UNU COPR, LRDC etc.) and to the UNU/MERIT Link Programme based at CRISP, Hyderabad. He was a member of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Task and UNDP. He acted also as an adviser to the UK House of Commons Select Committee on Overseas Development on ODA’s [now DFID’s] Special Units (i.e. TPI, Force Team 10 on Science, Technology and Innovation and has acted as an adviser to the NEPAD secretariat in Pretoria, to ILRI in Nairobi and to the World Bank.
Over the past 6 years he has been closely involved with the DFID Research into Use (RIU) Programme, firstly as the leader of the assessment and strategy phases of the Sierra Leone country programme and latterly as its senior economic adviser. He is currently involved in (i) an ESRC-funded project exploring opportunities for medical and health improvements in east Africa and (ii) advising on an EU/NEPAD programme on improving African intra-regional fish trade. Further details on positions held, publications etc. can be found in the main CV.
Simonetti, R, Clark, N (forthcoming) ‘Pharmaceuticals In Kenya: The Evolution Of Technological Capabilities’ in Mackintosh, M, Banda, G, Tibandebage, P and Wamae, W (Eds), ‘Making Medicines in Africa - The Political Economy of Industrializing for Local Health’, Palgrave Macmillan - International Political Economy Series
Clark, N (2014) ‘Innovation Systems, Economic Systems, Complexity and Development Policy’ in Mark Strathern & James McGlade (eds), ‘The Social Face of Complexity Science: A Festschrift for Professor Peter M. Allen’, Emergent Publications, Litchfield Park, USA
Clark, N (2011) ‘Revisiting Agricultural Science for Development: From Mode 1 to Mode 2’ in Saad, Mohammed & Zawdie, Girma (eds), ‘Theory and Practice of Triple Helix Model in Developing Countries: Issues and Challenges’, Routelege, pp 98‑118
Clark, N, Frost, A., Maudlin, I, Seward, P., Wainwright, H., Ward, A. (2011) ‘Putting Research into Use: A market failure Approach’, International Journal of Technology management and Sustainable Development 10 (3)
Hall, A, Clark, N (2010) ‘What do complex adaptive systems look like and what are the implications for innovation policy?’, Journal of International Development, Special Issue: Agricultural Innovation and Food Security in Africa: Tracing Connections and Missing Links, Vol 22, Issue 3, pp. 308–324. 22 (3) 308‑324
Hall, AJ, Clark, N, Naik, G (2007) ‘Institutional change and innovation capacity: Contrasting experiences of promoting small-scale irrigation technology in South Asia’, International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development 6 (2) 77‑102
Clark, N, Smith, J, Hirvonen, M (2007) ‘Livestock R&D in East and Southern Africa: An innovation systems perspective with special reference to the International Livestock Research Institute’, Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development 6 (1) 9‑24
Hall, A, Reddy, P, Clark, N (2005) ‘Client-driven biotechnology research for poor farmers: a case study from India’, International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development 5 (2) 125‑147
Clark, N, Hall, A, Yoganand, B (2002) ‘New science, capacity development and institutional change: the case of the Andhra Pradesh-Netherlands Biotechnology Programme (APNLBP)’, International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development 1 (3) 196‑
Clark, N (2002) ‘Innovation systems, institutional change and the new knowledge market: implications for third world agricultural development’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology 11 (4-5) 353‑368
Clark, N (2015) ‘The African Development Agenda and Strategic Priorities for Foreign Aid Post 2015: The Case for Aid for Science Technology, Innovation and Sustainable Development’, Keynote address at the African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) Donors’ Breakfast - 18th Session of the ACTS Governing Council, Nairobi, Kenya, January 2015
Clark, N (2014) ‘Technology Development for the Low Income African Farmer: Science Policy Implications for Overseas Aid’, Mapping Science and Technology in Africa: Traveling technologies and global disorders, Wits Institute for Social & Economic Research (WISER), Johannesburg, South Africa, February 2014