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Sources of innovation and technology capability development in the Indian automobile industry

Kale, D

International Journal of Institutions and Economies   4 (2) 121-150

December 2012   (Published Online July 2012)

In the last decade the Indian auto industry has shown increasing levels of technological sophistication and significant growth. The Indian auto industry consists of local firms with indigenous design and development capability, well established global brands and has marketing presence in Indian as well as other emerging markets. This paper tracks capability development in the Indian auto industry and seeks to understand the factors both internal and external to firms that have shaped innovative capabilities. It points out that the Indian government’s industrial policy secured development of basic capabilities but restricted innovative capability development in auto manufacturing. This paper reveals that key attributes of firm ownership such as managerial vision and diversified nature of business, helped Indian firms in the development of the innovative capabilities.