Innogen  ·  Publications  ·  Briefings
Appropriate Governance of the Life Sciences (09)
Pros and Cons of the Precautionary Principle: European Experience with the regulation of GM Crops

This policy brief reviews the development of the precautionary principle (PP) in Europe, mainly in the context of GM crops – the only area where it has been applied consistently to the development of an entire industry sector. We raise the question: Has the uncritical adoption of two key policy strands, the precautionary principle and ‘upstream engagement’ diminished the innovativeness and competitiveness of a major European industry sector and is it also challenging future innovation in life sciences?